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Income Protection for Contractors

July 24 2019 5 min read Income Protection

income protection for contractors

No doubt, as an independent contractor you’ve experienced it all.

The hopes.

The dreams.

The days where it’s gone spectacularly well and the ones where you consider packing it all in to permanently push pens.

It’s a rollercoaster.

Sure, your friends (or your ma) probably think you spend all day swanning around sipping fancy Ethiopian coffee and consulting (which here means: talking shite around a big table), but there’s a boatload of paperwork and tax-keeping involved too.

There’s definitely the added bonus of a little more freedom and, at the very least, it feels like you’re not-so-entirely stuck on the hamster wheel we call capitalism.

Which is grand when you’re making bank and you’re doing something you enjoy. But what happens if you get sick? And I’m not talking a dodgy belly or a sore head after a long weekend.

But won’t the government or the company look after me?

Alas no, you are adrift in the ocean of life on your own here pal.

You may be making more moolah than your desk mates, but at least they’re covered if they get a serious dose of the sniffles, whereas you’re gonna have to drag yourself out of bed and schlepp into work.

Which: grand if it’s the sniffles, but if it’s anything more serious, you’d better hope that the Solpadine hits fast and hard.

Why?

Well, because the company you’re contracted to doesn’t owe you any sick pay or sick cover. Not a penny.

You’re gonna have to cross your fingers and either live on bread you’ve had tucked away in the proverbial bank-cupboard, or hope you had the foresight to look into Income Protection Insurance.

Yeah, yeah, insuring your income can seem like a bit of a long con (giving away money on the money you earn in the hopes of free money if something bad happens), but it can be a life-saver when it comes down to it – especially as an independent contractor.

Think of it like this: you insure your health and yourself, so why wouldn’t you look after your actual source of income? If the money dries up, you’re in big trouble – so why not be prepared?

As for the government, it’s actually only in the last two years that self-employed people have been entitled to long-term sick pay, which means you’d be eligible for State income support in the form of an invalidity pension.

But a nasty caveat applies: invalidity pension is a lot harder to qualify for than normal illness benefit.

You have to be off sick for 12 months before you can be eligible for it and then you have to be able to prove that you’ll be unable to work for 12 more months. Or, you need to be permanently incapable of work.

And yes, ‘permanently incapable of work’ is a bit pretty scary string of words.

The main points you need to know are:

  • From 1st December 2017, the invalidity pension will be awarded to Class S PRSI provided you have made 5 years’ worth of PRSI contributions and have made at least 48 contributions in the previous tax year.
  • Class S is the self-employed class PRSI and the benefit will not be means tested so you will get it regardless of income, savings or your other half’s income.
  • The rate from 1st December will be the usual €198.50 per week but there will be another €5 added to it with effect from 26/03/2018. That’s just over €800 a month. Yikes.
  • It will be a taxable benefit for the self-employed.

What I’m saying here is that the invalidity pension for the self-employed is not necessarily something you’d want to rely on.

Insurance options for contractors

Let me introduce you to Income Protection for contractors and Serious Illness Cover, two potentially very good friends of yours if you’re struck down with a bad illness that leaves you unable to work for more than a few weeks.

Income Protection is a type of insurance that pays you up to 75 percent of your salary if you’re unable to do your job because of any sickness, disability or injury.

The important bits here: up to 75 percent, and because of any sickness, disability or injury.

The second half will be important in a second, so keep it in your noggin.

Serious Illness Cover, on the other hand, offers a tax-free lump sum if you’re out of work because of one of the serious illnesses covered in your policy.

The tax-free lump sum can be as much as you like, depending on how much you want to pay, so it can seem like a solid plan – but the definitions of what illnesses are actually covered can be tricky to satisfy.  For example, they might cover one type of cancer but not another – and if you get the ‘another’, there’s nada in it for you.

No Bueno.

However, Serious Illness Cover does sometimes come with additional benefits like hospital cash, one-to-one support, broken bones payment or a personal accident benefit so it shouldn’t be completely discounted.

You can read more about the pros and cons of both Income Protection or Serious Illness Cover by clicking here. It’s worth five minutes of your time, I promise.

Between you and me, I’d swing for Income Protection if I were you.

In fact, I did.

Story time: it was a few years ago (though it feels like yesterday) and my wife had just lost her job and we’d just had twins – which put us at three kids under three.

There was a lot of lying on the floor, crying, and napping in that first year – and I’m not talking about the kids!

I was starting up this-here-business of this-here-blog and we’d just bought a house. You can see why there was so much lying on the floor in tears.

In all seriousness, that’s a lot of stuff to happen – but it’s standard life stuff that made me realise how important having back-up for my income is.

So, I pulled the trigger and got Income Protection.

How Income Protection for contractors works

Your first question is probably about the 75 percent – more specifically, “75 percent of what?” It’s based on your 12-month average income or a 3-year average (it depends on the insurer) – so up to 75 percent of whatever that number is.

If your taxable income/profits are €60,000 gross (before the dreaded tax comes out; who doesn’t love paying money on their money?), and you’re fully covered up to 75 percent, you’d be looking at €45,000, divvied up monthly.

If you get a quote and the number seems a bit high, remember you don’t actually have to cover the full 75 percent – it’s all a matter of affordability and how you live and want to live. If you can’t afford the full shebang and think you could get by with 50 percent insurance, then go for it.

You should also consider the deferral period – this is the amount of time before Income Protection cover kicks in – generally, 4, 8, 13, 26, or 52 weeks. The longer the deferral period, the cheaper your cover will be, but make sure you strike the balance between cheap and how long you could actually afford to live without your income. 26 weeks might not seem that long in theory, but six months is an awful long time with no income and bills still piling in.

There are a couple more caveats too: pre-existing conditions are most likely not included in your policy. It’s a bit of a bastard, but those are the rules, unfortunately.

Likewise, if you’re a smoker or have a very high BMI or some other dangerous lifestyle thing, you’re probably going to have to pay more for cover.

My last note is to consider where you’re buying your Income Protection from.

Don’t just choose the first insurer you see when you’re on the way to Spar to buy a chicken fillet roll for lunch.

If you were buying a car, you wouldn’t drive off in the first one you came across. The clutch might not work or it might be an awful banger altogether.

Get a quote from a good broker (to borrow internet speak from the kids: it me) or call into all the insurers yourself. Make sure you get a range of prices and include for coverage amounts and deferral periods.

Essentially, know what you’re getting and why you’re getting it.

In your day-to-day as an independent contractor, you know what you’re worth – so apply the same rules to your Income Protection.

What if you’re just starting out as a self employed contractor?

I see this a lot, you’ve taken the plunge, left the comforts of the employee role and have set out on your entrepreneurial quest but you don’t have an income as yet.

If this is you, I advise you to insure up to 75% of your expected income for the year, let’s say it’s €60,000 so you insure €45,000.

If you get sick and need to claim in  6 months, the insurer will examine your income in the 12 months before your disability in order to calculate your payout.

To get the full €45,000, your average taxable income over the previous 12 months (from your previous role and your self-employed role) must have exceeded €60,000. If it doesn’t, the insurer will pay out 75% of the actual average annual income, and yes that may be lower than the €45,000 you expected. If you’ve done better than expected (go you!) and your average income exceeds €60,000, the maximum the insurer will payout is €45,000 as this is what your premium is paying for.

Keep an eye on your income, as you earn more, you should increase your income protection cover.

I know this isn’t the easiest concept to get your head around so if you want, please give me a buzz on 05793 20836 and I’ll answer your questions.

Over to you…

Look, if you’re flying solo and don’t really have any responsibilities, you’d probably be alright for a few months if you’re off sick or injured – but after that, it gets hairy fast.

If you have responsibilities or a family, you’d be an awful eejit not to get  – especially as you’re on this article on the internet, so you’re clearly considering income protection for contractors.

You’ll never be younger, premiums will never be cheaper. Take the plunge.

Give me a call on 057 93 20836 and let’s get it sorted or get your quote now to get the ball rolling.

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Income Protection for the Self Employed

You and I have something in common.

Apart from being so damn pretty.

Like me, you’re self employed…(or unemployed and bored, why else are you reading this blog post?)

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