Here’s the number one thing you need to know about Life Insurance: it isn’t actually for you; it’s to prevent a financial crisis for those you leave behind.
However, if you want to protect yourself while you’re alive and kicking on this planet, then Serious Illness Cover is what you need.
Also known as Serious Illness Cover or Critical Illness Cover, Specified Serious Illness Cover pays you cash money if you get a serious illness. But more about that in a second.
Serious illness cover is a type of insurance that pays you a tax-free lump sum if you get sick with one of the illnesses listed on your policy.
It’s mostly the big ones: types of cancer, a heart attack or stroke – the kind of illnesses that usually mean having to give up work for several months so your wallet gets pretty sick too.
It varies depending on the provider. Zurich Life, for example, considers 81 illnesses as critical illnesses.
Three big illnesses account for approximately 81 per cent of all claims:
The next 8 serious illnesses together account for around 17 per cent of claims:
The remaining serious illnesses account for approximately 2 per cent of claims paid, for example:
We have compiled a comparison of the illnesses covered by each insurer.
While lots of illnesses are covered, many more aren’t – and some of those not covered would also keep you out of work for quite a while e.g mental health issues or back pain.
Likewise, not all policies cover the same illnesses, such as back injury or various cancers. Generally though (I stress the ‘generally’), the insurers will cover strokes, heart attacks, some types of cancer, heart disease, MS, major organ transplants, and brain tumours.
Most policies also include partial Serious Illness Cover for your children.
It depends. I could give you a pitch here and talk you into it but instead, I’m going to lay it out so you can decide for yourself.
You should consider getting Serious Illness Protection if you have no other cover for ill health e.g sick pay entitlements through work or income protection. It’s also useful if you’re between jobs or unemployed as you could struggle to pay for the best treatment should illness strike.
Lastly, if you have dependents who rely on your income, Serious Illness Cover makes sense.
Is it worth getting critical illness cover? Yes, but only if you can’t get income protection.
Using a car insurance analogy (h/t to Matthew Chapman) serious illness cover is your third party fire and theft in that it covers you for specific claimable events – covers any damage to a third party or their property resulting from an incident as well as any damage to your own vehicle caused by fire or theft
Income protection, on the other hand, is like comprehensive car insurance which covers your car for any damage caused to it.
Serious illness cover – think specific, defined illnesses only (third party, fire and theft).
Income protection – think any illness or accident that stop your working (comprehensive insurance).
If you do have to make a claim, the insurer will pay out if you meet three conditions (of course there are conditions):
Okay, so you might be tempted to roll your eyes at the T&Cs, scoff and say, “ah sure they’ll find a way of not paying out”.
But take a guess at what percentage of serious illness claims are paid each year.
Would you be surprised if I said it was 90 per cent?
Yes, 9 in 10 claims are paid.
Only 1 in 10 doesn’t meet the T&Cs.
Health Insurance is a comprehensive plan that may cover things like hospitalisation expenses, maternity benefits, surgery, or treatments. The extent of coverage usually relates to the cost of your plan: Generally, the more expensive your plan, the more that’s covered.
Serious Illness pays out a tax-free lump sum (😍) if you’re diagnosed with one of the specific illnesses or disabilities that your policy covers (☹️).
Health Insurance is one of the most expensive types of insurance you can get – because there are loads of claims. There’s a pretty high chance that you’ll get sick at some point during your cover. It is what it is.
With Irish Life Health, the cheapest basic cover starts at around €40 a month while the enhanced cover costs over €300 a month. With VHI, the current cheapest cover starts at €37 a month, and rises to €85, for basic cover.
The cost of Serious Illness Cover will depend on the amount of cover, your age, health, whether you smoke, and how long you want to insure yourself for.
My guideline is that €30,000 cover is enough for most people provided they also have income protection. You can read more on the maths of that here, but it boils down to giving you the financial security to be able to quit working for a year to focus on getting better…without money worries.
Get a quote, you’d be surprised how little Serious Illness actually costs. It’s often much less than you’d expect – maybe the cost of a couple of pints, or whatever you’re having yourself, across the month.
When you think of it like that, you’d be bananas not to consider it.
Some insurance companies offer benefits on top of the policy, though generally, you’ll pay more for them. Extra benefits include:
NEVER add Serious Illness Cover to your Mortgage Protection policy.
You are Spiderman. The bank is hurling lightning bolts. Why?
Well… the banks get any pay-out on Serious Illness if it’s on your Mortgage Protection policy. I’ll bet the bank never told you that, the swine.
Instead, buy Serious Illness Cover on an accelerated basis (see below) as part of your Life Insurance policy (provided you’re not using your life insurance as security for a mortgage… if you do so, the bank, not you, will get the serious illness pay-out).
There are three ways to buy specified serious illness cover:
1. Standalone/Independent: Here you simply buy a separate Serious Illness policy. Should you get one of the illnesses, your policy pays out.
The one big danger in buying on a standalone/independent basis is the “Survival Period”
A life insurance survival period is the length of time you must live after you have been diagnosed with a critical illness. Only if you pass the survival period will the insurance benefit payout. It is usually for 14 days.
I know it sounds gruesome, why would the insurers add such a sick clause?
They designed critical illness payouts to help you financially if you get sick and have to quit working for a while and suffer a drop in income.
Serious illness cover is not a death benefit, that’s what life insurance is for.
2. Accelerated: Or you can add Accelerated Illness cover to your life insurance policy. Your policy will pay-out should you get a serious illness, but the insurer will reduce your remaining life cover by the amount of the claim paid.
3. Additional: Finally, you can buy Additional Cover. The difference being your life cover amount is unaffected by a Serious Illness claim.
Here’s a blog post that explains the difference between Accelerated and Additional Illness cover in detail and recommends which one is best.
In case you couldn’t be arsed to read that piece…Accelerated is the way to go.
To help this make total sense, let’s look at a scenario. Peter Parker is a 25-year-old man with a penchant for red suits and spider webs.
He’s got a Life Insurance policy for €100,000 and €50,000 Serious Illness Cover.
If Peter makes a claim on accelerated serious illness cover policy, he will get €50,000 and if he dies, Mary Jane, his other half, would receive the remaining sum i.e. the €50,000.
With additional serious illness cover, he’d receive the €50,000 and if he dies, Mary Jane would receive the full LI policy i.e. the €100,000, additionally.
As with Life Insurance, you can’t buy Serious Illness Cover for a child but they are covered automatically on their parent’s policy…
…IF THE PARENT has Serious Illness Cover.
Again, the amount of free cover depends on the insurer you choose:
Cancer Only Cover is available to anyone aged 18 to 60. It will pay you a cash lump sum, if you’re diagnosed with a cancer, as defined by your policy, during the term of the plan.
Types of cancers that would ordinarily be covered include:
Cancer Only Cover is an insurance policy that will pay out should you contract a certain type of cancer. The cancer definition is the exact same one as can be found on a Serious Illness policy. This gives you the peace of mind that a cancer claim payable under a Critical Illness policy will also be met on a Cancer Only policy.
Okay, so why not buy Serious Illness Cover instead?
Cancer Only Cover is available even if you have been refused Serious Illness, or you think you would be refused Serious Illness protection due to a pre-existing health condition. This includes people with a medical history of:
• Heart attacks.
• Valvular disease.
• Kidney problems.
• Multiple Sclerosis.
For women, the main causes for claims over the past 12 months were as follows:
• Breast: 53 percent.
• Bowel: 8 percent.
• Skin: 8 percent.
• Ovarian: 6 percent.
• Endometrial: 6 percent.
• Cervical: 3 percent.
For men, they were:
• Prostate: 23 percent.
• Brain: 11 percent.
• Bowel: 11 percent.
• Testicular: 7 percent.
• Lung: 7 percent.
• Melanoma: 4 percent.
• Kidney: 2 percent.
No, the underwriting is much simpler for Cancer Only Cover compared with Serious Illness Cover so it’s an easier process.
I’ll quote for a 40-year-old, non-smoker, €250,000 life cover over 25 years.
With €50,000 Serious Illness Cover, the monthly premium is €60 per month. With €50,000 cancer cover, the premium is €45 per month.
So you get a decent discount because all illnesses are not covered, but the Big C is…and that accounts for more claims than any other. Seems reasonable enough to me.
But really, if you have been refused Serious Illness, price isn’t the most important thing, is it?
Multi Claim Protection Cover (MCPC) is a new type of policy that pays out based on the severity of an illness and the impact it has on your life.
For example, a severe illness like a major organ transplant will pay out 100% of your cover. MS will pay out 50%, heart attack 20%, angioplasty 5%.
The motive here is that because medicine has improved, people are getting earlier diagnoses, faster treatment, and recovering quicker so illnesses are having less of an impact on people’s lives.
Following treatment, many people return to life and work as normal in a short space of time. Therefore there isn’t such a need for a product that pays out 100% of the claim in one go.
Here’s an in-depth analysis of Multi Claim Protection Cover – it’s the Batbelt of Protection products.
If you’ve got any questions or if you’d like to get covered, fill in the form below or call me on 057 93 20836.
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